Buñol (Bunyol in Valencian language) is an interesting inland town of Valencia province. It is located 39km away from Valencia city, so it will take you about 30 minutes to get here by car, or if you prefer, you can get to this charming village by public transport (commuter train or bus) and it takes more than an hour.
The first urban settlement took place in Roman times, and the city was named Betula. Later on, these lands were occupied by Moorish population and this town came to be called Benatularom, and afterward it was named Al-Bunyul. From this period, it is preserved the narrow and irregular layout of the streets in the old centre, necropolis, and the castle that is one of the most important tourism resource.
This picture was extracted from Turismolahoya.buñol.es
The castle is situated in the highest point of the town and it is a strategical place, old border between the Castilla region and the Valencia region. This fortress consists of two separate areas by a moat and they are joined by a stone bridge. In the northern part, you can discover the weapons courtyard. Nowadays, you can bump into several attached houses to the wall, many of these buildings are taking up the same place as the ancient military facilities. The southern area was the residential zone, so you can come across the Gothic palace, the main tower, the Renaissance palace, a church, houses and La Torreta tower. The only preserved part of the Gothic palace is the Del Oscuricio room.
The Salvador Church has a single nave that is covered by a barrel vault. It was founded in the 16th century, when the facilities of the Gothic palace were expanded. In the 18th century, this temple was renovated, and a century later, it was occupied by disadvantaged people, so most of its decoration isn´t kept. Currently, the etnological museum is located inside of the ancient church.
This picture was extracted from Wikipedia
The Renaissance palace belonged to the Mercader family, and it was also built in the 16th century, during the enlargement of the Gothic Palace. At present, the tourist office and the archaeological museum are in this old residence.
This is picture was extracted from Queverenz.com
La Torreta tower was an access to the ancient urban nucleus which is kept to the present.
Near the castle, it is located the Borrunes Garden. Here, you can see a wide variety of plants. Other gardens and parks that you can visit are:
The Fluvial Park: you can walk along the bed of river Buñoland enjoy the beautiful landscape.
The San Luis Park: there are a hermitage of Neo-Gothic style and natural springs.Also, close to here you can find the outdoor municipal auditorium that was built on a mountaiunside in 1987. It is similar to an Ancient Roman Theatre.
The Planell Park: it is an ideal large green area to spend a day with the children. There is a lake with fish, ducks and geese, sport facilities, and a bar kiosk.
These pictures were extracted from Turismolahoya.buñol.es
Buñol is surrounded by impressive natural areas, so you can enjoy three marvelous hiking trails and discover amazing ladnscapes:
The Alto Jorge-Carcalín Ravine (total distance is 10.5km). Its is a circular route and an average duration three-and-half hours. It is one of the most popular routes because of offering spectacular views of the surrounding landscape.
The Water route (total distance is 9.2km). It is a circular route and an average duration of three hours. During the hike, you can discover astonishing landscapes such as the Turche Cave (there are cold–water lake, a waterfall and a picnic area), the Mañán small lake and Las Palomas Cave (here you can take a dip in a crystal-clear water lake).
The Path of Santiago to Valencia. This section of the trail was used by pilgrims who were going from Valencia city to Santiago de Compostela during the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries. In addition, many merchants from the Kingdom of Castilla travelled through this path to supply Valencia city.
Throughout the year, many events and festivities are held in Buñol, so I want to let you known the most important and popular celebrations:
The Medieval Festival: it is held in the early June and it is set up in the main square. You can find several craft stalls, medieval music concerts, performances, activities for children,….
Music Biennial: it takes place every two years in July. It brings together the most well-known music bands well-known from Spain and anywhere in the world.
Funfair and festivities: they are held in the last week of August, in honour of San Luis Bertrán and Virgen de los Desamparados, who are the Patron Saints. The funfair is set up in San Luis avenue. During these public holidays are celebrated such as popular race, parades, culinary comptetions,…
Some of the most noteworthy events that are held in August are:
Mano a mano: it is a musical comptetion between the two music bands of Buñol (La Armónica and La Artística). It is held on the las Tuesday of August in the municipal auditorium.
The Music Day: it is held on the last Sunday of August. Invited music bands parade through the streets.
La Tomatina: this is the most internationally famous festival in Buñol. It is held on the last Wednesday of August. Some 30,000 people gather together to throw tomatoes at each other every year. The origin of this unusual festival dates back to 1945. During the parade of giants and big-heads, a group of young men get into the parade enthusiastically, and one of participant fell, so he got angry and started hitting everything within reach. Moreover, the participants were upset by what happened and they began to throw tomato to each other, until the police got and stopped the vegetable pitched battle. The next year, this young people group did the same and they brought some tomatoes from home. This festivity was banned in the 1950s. Later on, it was not and it became more popular specially in Spain because of a TV report on a programme of the public television (Informe Semanal, RTVE) in 1983. This peculiar and funny celebration was declared International Tourist Interest in 2002. Also, the younger members of the family can enjoy the Children´s Tomatina.
As you have seen, Bunyol has a great cultural and natural heritage. Do you feel like to discover all the attractions of this wondrous land?